Pascale Champagne: Research

Natural Treatment Systems - Acid Mine Drainage

Projects Established at Queen's University:


Selection of optimal sulfate reducing bacteria reactor (SRBR) substrate material and corresponding optimal operating conditions for the mitigation of acid mine drainage. The results of the bench-scale study which was initiated in September 2006 were employed to design and test a pilot-scale SRBR passive treatment system to treat acid mine drainage generated at the Williams Brothers Mine site in Sierra National Forest (California). The pilot-scale system was constructed and implemented at the field site in May 2007. This project was undertaken in conjunction with the US Forest Service and Engineering Remediation Resources Group located in San Francisco (California), with the collaboration of Dr. Heather Jamieson in the Department of Geological Engineering at Queen's University.


Projects Established at Carleton University:

Alkaline mine drainage mitigation through a Northern Ontario natural wetland in Cobalt. Water quality monitoring, the identification of remediation processes and the impact of variations in climate on treatment efficiency are being investigated. Project undertaken in collaboration with Dr. Fred Michel in the Department of Earth Sciences at Carleton University from September 2003 to August 2007.




Clyde, E., P. Champagne and H. Jamieson (2010) The Use of Passive Treatment Alternatives for the Mitigation of Acidic Drainage at the Williams Brothers Mine, California: Bench-Scale Study. Applied Geochemistry 25(7):958-971 (IF = 2.017) (invited paper)


Champagne, P., P. Van Geel and W. Parker (2008). Impact of Constituent Loading and Temperature on the Mitigation of AMD in Peat Biofilters. Mine Water and Environment. 27(4):225-240 (IF = 1.039)


Kelly, J., P. Champagne and F. Michel. (2007) Assessment of Metal Attenuation in a Natural Wetland System Impacted by Alkaline Mine Tailings, Cobalt, Ontario. Mine Water and Environment 26(3):181-190 (IF = 1.039)


Champagne, P., P. Van Geel and W. Parker (2005) A Bench-Scale Assessment of a Combined Passive System to Reduce Concentrations of Metals and Sulphate in Acid Mine Drainage. Mine Water and Environment. 24(3):124-133 (IF = 1.039)



Conference Abstracts & Presentations:


Clyde, E., P. Champagne, H. Jamieson and C. Gorman (2007) Passive Treatment of Acidic Drainage at Williams Brothers Mine: Bench- and Pilot-Scale Studies Mariposa County, CA. 50th Annual Association of Environmental and Engineering Geologists Meeting “Engineering Challenges of Mine Reclamation”. September 24-29. Los Angeles, CA. (invited paper)


Clyde, E., P. Champagne, H. Jamieson, C. Gorman and J. Sourial (2007) Investigation of Passive Treatment Alternatives for the Mitigation of Acid Mine Drainage at an Abandoned Mine (California). Mining and Environment IV Conference. October 19-27. Sudbury, Ontario.


Michel, F. and P. Champagne (2007) Distribution of Heavy Metals in Contaminated Surface Waters and Alkaline Tailings with Typha latifolia in a Wetland Environment. Crosswise Lake, Cobalt, Ontario. Mining and Environment IV Conference. October 19-27. Sudbury, Ontario.


Kelly, J., P. Champagne and F. Michel (2006) Mitigation of Alkaline Mine Drainage in a Natural Wetland System. 2nd International Conference on Evolution, Monitoring, Simulation, Management and Remediation of the Geological Environment and Landscape. J. Martin-Duque, C. Brebbia, D. Emmanouloudis and U. Mander Eds. June 6-8. Rhodes, Greece. p. 115-124. ISBN: 1-84564-168-X


Rouhani, P., P. Champagne and P. Van Geel (2003) Impact of Hydraulic and Constituent Loading on a Combined Passive System for the Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage; 8th Specialty Conference on Environment and Sustainable Engineering and 31st Annual Congress of the CSCE; June 4-7; Moncton, New Brunswick. ENR-282.


Champagne, P., P. Van Geel and W. Parker (2002) A Combined Passive System for the Mitigation of Acid Mine Drainage; Proceedings of the Joint CSCE/EWRI of ASCE International Conference on Environmental Engineering. W. Stiver and R. Zytner Eds; July 21-24; Niagara Falls, Ontario.  pp. 10 (CD ROM). ISBN: 0-88955-532-X


Champagne, P., L. MacLennan, W. Parker and P. Van Geel (1999) Preliminary Evaluation of a Passive Treatment System for the Mitigation of Acid Mine Drainage. 38th Annual Conference of Metallurgists – 29th Annual Hydrometallurgical Meeting, Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum. G. Harris and S. Omelon Eds. August 22-26, Quebec City, Quebec. p. 169-183. ISBN: 0-919086-87-X.


Champagne, P. (1999) Combined Passive Treatment Systems for the Mitigation of Acid Mine Drainage, Invited Lecture Series, Ottawa Geotechnical Group (Canadian Geotechnical Society), October 19, Ottawa, ON. (Recipient of the Canadian Geotechnical Society Graduate Student Paper Award)