Kent Novakowski

Professor and Associate Vice-Principal (Research)

Office: Ellis-201

Queen's University
Kingston, ON K7L 3N6
Tel: (613) 533-6417
Fax: (613) 533-2128
kent.novakowski@queensu.ca

Kent Novakowski is a Professor of Civil Engineering, and Associate Vice-Principal (Research) at Queen’s University. Dr. Novakowski obtained his PhD in Hydrogeology from the University of Waterloo in 1992. He has specialised as one of only a few hydrogeologists across the globe with extensive experience in the hydrogeology of both crystalline and sedimentary fractured rock. Dr. Novakowski also conducts research in numerical and semi-analytical model development with application to heat and solute transport problems in fractured rock. His graduate students have come from a variety of backgrounds including civil engineering, geological engineering, and geology. He has supervised more than 45 graduate students, published more than 250 papers and abstracts, and acted as an Associate Editor for Water Resources Research, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, Ground Water, and the Canadian Geotechnical Journal. He is a Fellow of the Canadian Society of Civil Engineers, and the Engineering Institute of Canada. In 2013, he won the Engineering Excellence Medal given by Professional Engineers Ontario. See Research Interests for graduate student opportunities.

Funding

NSERC, US Environmental Protection Agency, Environment Canada, Smithville Phase IV Bedrock Remediation Program (Province of Ontario), Ontario Power Generation, Mosaic Potash, Inc., Ontario Ministry of the Environment, Ontario Centers of Excellence (E-Tech), Ontario Research and Development Challenge Fund.

Courses

Dr. Novakowski runs the CIVL 884 Groundwater summer course at Kennedy Field Station - take a look at a recent course in this video:


Refereed Journal Articles Submitted, Accepted and in Press

Egan, L.A., and Novakowski, K. 2019. Heat and solute transport in a discrete fracture: Field experiments with anomalous results. Water Resour. Res., submitted, Jan. 2019. MS# 2019WR024699.

Bou Jaoude, I., Novakowski, K., and Kueper, B. 2018. The effect of fracture aperture variability on heat transport in a discrete rock fracture under natural groundwater flow conditions. Geothermics, accepted, Feb. 2019.

Howroyd, M., and Novakowski, K. 2018. Non-uniqueness in the analysis of a large-scale solute transport experiment conducted in a discrete rock fracture. Water Resour. Res., submitted, Oct. 2018. MS# 2018WR024219.

Smith, L.A., Barbour, S.L., Hendry, M.J., Novakowski, K., and van der Kamp, G. 2018. A multiscale approach to determine hydraulic conductivity in thick claystone aquitards using field, laboratory, and numerical modeling methods. Water Resour. Res., accepted.

Refereed Journal Publications

Wright, S., and Novakowski, K. 2019. Groundwater recharge, flow and stable isotope attenuation in sedimentary and crystalline fractured rocks: Spatiotemporal monitoring from multi-level wells. J. Hydrol., 571 (2019): 178-192.

Bou Jaoude, I., Novakowski, K., and Kueper, B. 2018. Identifying and assessing key parameters controlling heat transport in discrete rock fractures. Geothermics, 75 (2018): 93-104.

Persaud, E., Levison; J., Pehme, P., Novakowski, K., and Parker, B. 2018. Cross-hole fracture connectivity assessed using hydraulic responses during liner installations in crystalline bedrock boreholes. J. Hydrol., 556: 233-246.

Miles, O., and Novakowski, K. 2016. Large water-table response to rainfall in a shallow bedrock aquifer having minimal overburden cover. J. Hydrol., http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. jhydrol.2016.08.034, 541: 1316-1328.

Smith, L.A., Barbour, S.L., Hendry, M.J., Novakowski, K., and van der Kamp, G., 2016. A multiscale approach to determine hydraulic conductivity in thick claystone aquitards using field, laboratory, and numerical modeling methods. Water Resour. Res., DOI: 10.1002/2015WR018448, 52(7): 5265-5284.

Khader, O., and Novakowski, K. 2014. Impacts of Pleistocene glacial loading on abnormal porewater pressure in the eastern Michigan Basin. Geofluids, doi: 10.1111/gfl.12074.

Kozuskanich, J., Novakowski, K., Anderson, B., Crowe, A., and Balakrishnan, V., 2014. Anthropogenic impacts on a bedrock aquifer at the village scale. J. Ground Water, doi: 10.1111/gwat.12091.

Hendry, M.J., Barbour, L., Novakowski, K., and Wassenaar, L., 2013. Palaeo-hydrogeology of the Cretaceous sediments of the Williston Basin using stable isotopes of water, Water Resour. Res., doi:10.1002/wrcr.20321.

Kozuskanich, J., Novakowski, K., and Anderson, B., 2012. Discretizing a discrete fracture model for simulation of radial transport. Water Resour. Res., 48, W03602, doi:10.1029/2010 WR010364.

Dugan, H., Gleeson, T., Lamoureux,S. and Novakowski, K.,  2012. Radon-222 as a groundwater tracer in a high arctic lake. Environ. Earth Sci., 66: 1385–1392.

Levison, J., and Novakowski, K., 2012. Rapid transport from the surface to wells in fractured rock:  A unique infiltration tracer experiment. J. Cont. Hydrol., 131(1-4): 29-38.

Elmhirst, L., and Novakowski, K., 2012. The analysis of pulse interference tests conducted in a fractured rock aquifer bounded by a moving free surface. Adv. Water Resour., 35 (2012) 20–29.

Levison, J., Novakowski, K., Reiner, E., and Kolic, T., 2012. Potential of groundwater contamination by polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in a sensitive bedrock aquifer (Canada). Hydrogeol. J., 20: 401–412.

Kozuskanich, J., Novakowski, K., and Anderson, B., 2012. Influence of piezometer construction on groundwater sampling in fractured rock. J. Ground Water, 50 (2): 266–278.

Kozuskanich, J., Novakowski, K., and Anderson, B., 2011. Fecal indicator bacteria variability in samples from multi-level bedrock monitoring wells. J. Ground Water, 49(1):43-52.

Gleeson, T., Novakowski, K., and Kyser, T.K., 2009. Extremely rapid and localized recharge to a fractured rock aquifer. J. Hydrol., 376(2009), 495-509, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2009.07.056.

Gleeson, T., Novakowski, K., Cook, P., and Kyser, K., 2009. Constraining groundwater discharge in a large watershed: integrated isotopic, hydraulic and thermal data from the Canadian Shield. Water Resour. Res., 45, W08402, doi:10.1029/2008WR007622.

Levison, J., and Novakowski, K. 2009.  The impact of cattle pasturing on groundwater quality in bedrock aquifers having minimal overburden. Hydrogeol. J., 17(2):559–569, DOI 10.1007/s10040-008-0385-z.

Praamsma, T., Novakowski, K., Kyser, K., and Hall, K. 2009. Using stable isotopes and hydraulic head data to investigate groundwater recharge and discharge in a fractured rock aquifer. J. Hydrol., 366(2009), 35-45, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2008.12.011.

Gleeson, T., and Novakowski, K., 2009. Identifying watershed-scale barriers to groundwater flow: lineaments in the Canadian Shield. Geol. Soc. Amer. Bulletin, 121(3/4), 333-347, doi: 10.1130/B26241.1

Ross, N., Novakowski, K., Lesage, S., Deschenes, L., and Samson, R. 2007. Development and resistance of a biofilm in a planar fracture during biostimulation, starvation and varying flow conditions. J. Environ. Eng. Sci., 6:377-388, doi:10.1139/S06-056.

West, A.C.F., Novakowski, K.S., and Gazor, S. 2006. A maximum likelihood estimator for bedrock fracture transmissivities and its application to the analysis and design of borehole hydraulic tests. Water Resour. Res., 42, W06409, doi:10.1029/2004WR003685.

Charbonneau, A.M., Novakowski, K.S. and Ross, N. 2006. The effect of a biofilm on solute diffusion in low permeability rock.  J. Cont. Hydrol., 85(2006), 212-228.

Stephenson, K., and Novakowski, K. 2006.The analysis of pulse interference tests conducted in a fractured rock aquifer bounded by a constant free surface. J. Hydrol., 319(2006), 109-122.

Novakowski, K.S., Bickerton, G., Lapcevic, P.A., Voralek, J., and Ross, N. 2006. Measurement of groundwater velocity in discrete fractures. J. Cont. Hydrol., 82(2006), 44-60.

Stephenson, K.M., Novakowski, K.S., Davis,E., and Heron, G. 2006. Hydraulic characterisation for steam enhanced remediation conducted in fractured rock. J. Cont. Hydrol., 82(2006), 220-240.

West, A.C.F., Novakowski, K.S., and Gazor, S. 2005. Usefulness of core logging for the identification of conductive fractures in bedrock. Water Resour. Res., 41, W03018, doi:10.1029/2004WR003582.

West, M.R., Kueper, B.H., and Novakowski, K.S. 2004. Analytical solutions for solute transport in fractured porous media using a finite width strip source. Adv. Water Resour., 27(2004), 1045-1059.

Novakowski, K.S., Bickerton, G., and Lapcevic, P. 2004. Interpretation of injection-withdrawal tracer experiments conducted between two wells in a large single fracture. J. Cont. Hydrol., 73(2004), 227-247.

Oxtobee, J., and Novakowski, K. 2003. A numerical investigation of the principal processes governing the exchange of groundwater between a bedrock stream and a fractured rock aquifer. J. Ground Water, 41(5), 667-681.

Van Stempvoort, D., Lesage, S., Novakowski, K., and Brown, S. 2002. Humic acid enhanced remediation of an emplaced diesel source in groundwater, Part 1: Pilot scale test. J. Cont. Hydrol., 54, 249‑276.

Oxtobee, J., and Novakowski, K. 2002. A field study of groundwater/surface water interaction in a fractured bedrock environment. J. Hydrol., 269(2002), 169-193.

Lesage, S., Brown, S., Millar, K., and Novakowski, K. 2001. Humic acids enhanced removal of aromatic hydrocarbons from contaminated aquifers: Developing a sustainable technology. J. Environ. Sci. Health, 36 (8), 1515‑1533.

Zanini, L., Novakowski, K., Lapcevic, P., Bickerton, G., Voralek, J., and Talbot, C. 2000. Regional groundwater flow in the fractured carbonate aquifer underlying Smithville, Ontario, inferred from combined hydrogeological and geochemical measurements. J. Ground Water, 38(3), 350-360.

Novakowski, K.S. and Bogan, J.D. 1999. A semi-analytical model for the simulation of solute transport in a network of fractures having random orientations. Int. J. Num. Analy. Meth. in Geomech, 23, 317-333.

Lapcevic, P.A., Novakowski, K.S., and Sudicky, E.A. 1999. The interpretation of a tracer experiment conducted in a single fracture under conditions of natural groundwater flow. Water Resour. Res.,35(8), 2301-2312.

Langer, V., Novakowski, K., and Woodbury, A. 1999. Sorption of trichloroethene onto stylolites. J. Contam. Hydrol., 40(1), 1-23.

Novakowski, K.S., Lapcevic, P.A., Voralek, J., and Sudicky, E.A. 1998. A note on a method for measuring the transport properties of a formation using a single well. Water Resour. Res., 34(5), 1351-1356.

Harris, S.R., Thomson, N.R., and Novakowski, K.S. 1998. The determination of the orientation of fracture planes in a weathered clay till using core samples. Can. Geotech. J., 35(2), 386-394.

Lesage, S., Xu, H., and Novakowski, K.S. 1997. Distinguishing natural hydrocarbons from anthropogenic contaminantion in groundwater. J. Ground Water, 35(1), 149-160.

Novakowski, K.S. and Bickerton, G.S. 1997. Measurement of the hydraulic properties of low- permeability rock in boreholes. Water Resour. Res., 33(11), 2509-2517.

Piggott, A.R., Bobba, A.G., and Novakowski, K.S. 1996. A case study in regional groundwater flow. ASCE J. Water Resour. Plan. Manag., 122(1), 1-10.

Piggott, A.R., and Novakowski, K.S. 1996. Determination of solution criteria for a semi-analytical model of solute transport. Computers and Geosciences, 22(4), 441-444.

Novakowski, K.S., and van der Kamp, G. 1996. The radial diffusion method. 2. A semi-analytical model for the determination of apparent diffusivity, porosity and adsorption. Water Resour. Res., 32(6), 1823-1830.

Piggott, A.R., Huynh, T.N.T., Lapcevic, P.A., and Novakowski, K.S. 1996. Automated analysis of hydraulic and tracer tests conducted in fractured rock. Hydrogeol. J., 4(3), 84‑93.

Novakowski, K.S., Lapcevic, P.A., Voralek, J., and Bickerton, G. 1995. Preliminary interpretation  of tracer experiments conducted in a discrete rock fracture under conditions of natural flow. Geophys. Res. Lett., 22(11), 1417-1420.

Markle, J.M., Rowe, K.R., and Novakowski, K.S. 1995. A model for the constant-head pumping test conducted in vertically fractured media. Int. J. Num. Analy. Meth. in Geomech., 19(7), 457-473.

Novakowski, K.S., and Lapcevic, P.A. 1994. Field measurement of radial solute transport in a discrete rock fracture. Water Resour. Res., 30(1): 37-44.

Novakowski, K.S. 1993. Interpretation of the transient flow rate obtained from constant-head tests conducted in situ in clays. Can. Geotech. J., 30(4): 600-606.

Lapcevic, P.A., Novakowski, K.S., and Paillet, F.L. 1993. Analysis of flow in an observation well intersecting a single fracture. J. Hydrol., 151(1993): 229-239.

Raven, K.G., Novakowski, K.S., Yager, R.M., and Heystee, R.J. 1992. Supernormal fluid pressures in sedimentary rocks of Southern Ontario - Western New York State. Can. Geotech. J., 29 (1):80-93.

Novakowski, K.S. 1992. An evaluation of boundary conditions for one-dimensional solute transport, 1, mathematical development. Water Resour. Res., 28(9):2399-2410.

Novakowski, K.S. 1992. An evaluation of boundary conditions for one-dimensional solute transport, 2, column experiments. Water Resour. Res., 28(9):2411-2423.

Novakowski, K.S. 1992. The analysis of tracer experiments conducted in divergent radial flow    fields. Water Resour. Res., 28(12): 3215-3225.

Novakowski, K.S. 1990. Analysis of aquifer tests conducted in fractured rock: a review of the physical background and the design of a computer program for generating type curves. J. Ground Water, 28(1): 99-107.

Novakowski, K.S. 1989. A composite analytical model for analysis of pumping tests affected by wellbore storage and finite thickness skin. Water Resour. Res., 25(9): 1937-1946.

Novakowski, K.S. 1989. Analysis of pulse interference tests. Water Resour. Res., 25(11): 2377-2387.

Raven, K.G., Novakowski, K.S., and Lapcevic, P.A. 1988. Interpretation of field tracer tests of a single fracture using a transient solute storage model. Water Resour. Res., 24(12): 2019-2032.

Novakowski, K.S., and Lapcevic, P.A. 1988. Regional hydrogeology of the Silurian and Ordovician sedimentary rock underlying Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada. J. Hydrol., 104: 211-236.

Novakowski, K.S., Gillham, R.W. 1987. Field investigations of the nature of water-table response to precipitation in a shallow water-table environment. J. Hydrol., 97: 23-32.

Novakowski, K.S., Flavelle, P.A., Raven, K.G., and Cooper, E.L. 1985. Determination of groundwater flow pathways in fractured plutonic rock using a radioactive tracer. Int. J. Appl. Rad. Isot., 35(5): 399-404.

Novakowski, K.S., Evans, G.V., Lever, D.A., and Raven, K.G. 1985. A field example of measuring hydrodynamic dispersion in a single fracture. Water Resour. Res., 21(8): 1165-1174.

 

Other Refereed Publications

Novakowski, K.S., Sudicky, E.A., and Lapcevic, P. 2007. Groundwater flow and solute transport in fractured media. In: Groundwater Engineering, 2nd Edition, Ed: J. Delleur, CRC Press.

Beatty, B., Conboy, M.-J., Lebedin, J., and Novakowski, K. 2006. Water well sustainability in Ontario – Expert panel report. Published by the Ontario Centre of Excellence, Available on-line at http://www.oce-ontario.org/documents/media/SWWI_Final_Jan30.pdf. 192 pp.

Davis, E., Akladiss, N., Hoey, R., Brandon. B., Nalipinski, M., Heron, G., Carroll, S., Novakowski, K., and Udell, K.. 2005. Steam enhanced remediation research for DNAPL in fractured rock, Loring Air Force Base, Limestone, Maine. US Environmental Protection Agency, Report EPA/540/R-05/010, 190 pp.

Novakowski, K.S. 2000. Fate and transport in fractured rock. In: Standard Handbook of Environmental Science, Health, and Technology, Ed: J. Lehr, McGraw-Hill Inc., pp. 4.74-4.86.

Novakowski, K., Lapcevic, P., Bickerton, G., Voralek, J., Zanini, L., and Talbot, C.  2000.  The development of a conceptual model for contaminant transport in the dolostone underlying Smithville, Ontario. Final report prepared for the Smithville Phase IV Remediation Program (Available on CD), 175 pp.

Lapcevic, P.A., Novakowski, K.S., and Sudicky, E.A. 1998. Groundwater flow and solute transport in fractured media. In: Groundwater Engineering, Ed: J. Delleur, CRC Press, pp 17-1-17-39.

Novakowski, K.S., Lapcevic, P., and Bickerton, G. 1998. Hydrogeology of the Niagara Falls area: A field trip guide. GSA publication.        

Novakowski, K.S. 1988. Comparison of fracture aperture widths determined from hydraulic measurements and tracer experiments. In: Proceedings of the 4th Canadian/American Conference on Hydrogeology, Ed: B. Hitchon and S. Bachu, NWWA, Dublin, Ohio, pp 68-80.

 

Papers Presented

Levison, J. and Novakowski, K., 2011. Rapid transport from the surface to wells: a unique infiltration tracer experiment. GeoHydro, 1st Joint Meeting of CANQUA/IAH-CNC, Québec City, Québec (DOC-2148), Aug. 28-31.

Novakowski, K.S., Knight, L., and Bayona, L., 2010.  The development of biobarriers as a means of groundwater control at contaminated sites in fractured bedrock. In Proceedings of the Seventh International IAHS Groundwater Quality Conference, Zurich Switzerland, June 13 - 18, 2010.

Lambert, J., Blauw, M., Latil, M.-N., Novakowski, K., Knight, L., and Bayona, L., 2010. Bacteria help to change soil properties. In Proceedings of GeoFlorida 2010, ASCE Geo-Institute, West Palm Beach, Florida, Feb. 22-24, 2010.

Waddell, J.P., Field, J.R., Bennett, M., and Novakowski, K.S., 2008. Remediation of Chlorinated Ethene impacts within fractured crystalline rock. In Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, Monterey, CA, May 19-22, 2008.

Knight, L., and Novakowski, K., 2008. Biostimulation of groundwater microorganisms in fractured bedrock through nutrient addition: a field trial. First International BioGeoCivil Engineering Conference, June 23-25, 2008, Delft, the Netherlands.

Praamsma, T., and Novakowski, K., 2007. Using d18O and dD to investigate groundwater-surface water interaction and recharge in a gneissic terrain. In Proceedings: 8th Joint CGS/IAH-CNC Groundwater Conference, Ottawa, Ontario, October 21-24, 2007, 8 p.

Kozuskanich, J.C., Novakowski, K.S. and Anderson, B.A. 2007. Assessing the impacts of residential onsite wastewater systems on drinking water quality in a small semi-urban lakeside village with bedrock wells.  In Proceedings: 8th Joint CGS/IAH-CNC Groundwater Conference, Ottawa, Ontario, October 21-24, 2007, 8 p.

Gleeson, T., and Novakowski, K. 2007. Identifying watershed-scale barriers to groundwater flow in the Canadian Shield.  In Proceedings: 8th Joint CGS/IAH-CNC Groundwater Conference, Ottawa, October 21-24, 2007, 8 p.

Novakowski, K, Milloy, C., Gleeson, T., Praamsma, T., Levison, J., and Hall, K.  2007. Groundwater recharge in a gneissic terrain having minimal overburden.  In Proceedings: 8th Joint CGS/IAH-CNC Groundwater Conference, Ottawa, October 21-24, 2007, 8 p.

Levison, J. and Novakowski, K. 2007. Agricultural impacts on groundwater in fractured bedrock - Tay River watershed.  In Proceedings: 8th Joint CGS/IAH-CNC Groundwater Conference, Ottawa, Ontario, October 21-24, 2007, 8 p.

Schauerte, M., Novakowski, K.S., and Moore B., 2007. A Full Aquifer Tracer Experiment Interpreted using a Mixed Numerical – Analytical Model in a Dolostone Aquifer. In Proceedings: 8th CGS/IAH-CNC Groundwater Conference, Ottawa, Ontario, October 21-24, 2007, 8 p.

Novakowski, K., Stephenson, K., Davis, E., Carroll, S., and Heron, G. 2004. Hydraulic characterization for steam enhanced remediation conducted in fractured rock. In A.R. Gavaskar and A.S.C. Chen (Eds.), Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, Monterey, CA, May 24-27, 2004.

Ledoux, C., Therrien, R., Novakowski, K., and Kirkwood, D. 2004. Investigation of the impact of fracture intersection on solute transport in fractured carbonate. In Proceedings of the 5th Joint CGS/IAH Groundwater Specialty Conference, October 24-27, 2004, Quebec, Canada, 8 p.

Ledoux, C., Therrien, R., Novakowski, K., and Kirkwood, D. 2004. Investigation of the impact of fracture intersection on solute transport in fractured carbonate. In Proceedings: 2004 NGWA/U.S. EPA Fractured Rock Conference: State of the Science and Measuring Success in Remediation, September 13-15, 2004, Portland, Maine, p. 836-847.

Kenny, G., Therrien, F., Fortin, A., Novakowski, K. 2004. Large-scale solute transport modelling in discretely-fractured porous media.  In Proceedings: 2004 NGWA/U.S. EPA Fractured Rock Conference: State of the Science and Measuring Success in Remediation, September 13-15, 2004, Portland, Maine, p. 848-860.

Stephenson, K., Novakowski, K., Davis, E., Carroll, S., Heron, G., and Udell, K. 2004. A simple analytical model for heat flow in fractures – application to steam enhanced remediation conducted in fractured rock. In Proceedings: 2004 NGWA/U.S. EPA Fractured Rock Conference: State of the Science and Measuring Success in Remediation, September 13-15, 2004, Portland, Maine, p. 909.

Novakowski, K.S., and Lapcevic, P.A. 2004. Site characterization for the Smithville Phase IV Bedrock Remediation Program. In Proceedings of the 5th Joint CGS/IAH Groundwater Specialty Conference, October 24-27, 2004, Quebec, Canada, 7 p.

Ross, N., Kennedy, C., Voralek, J., Lesage, S., Novakowski, K., and Samson, R. 2003. Biofilm Development in a Large-scale Planar Fracture, Paper 2C-41. In A.R. Gavaskar and A.S.C. Chen (Eds.), Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, Monterey, CA, May 20-23, 2002.

Oxtobee, J., and Novakowski, K.S. 2001. A study of groundwater/surface water interaction in a fractured rock enviornment. In Proceedings of Fractured Rock 2001, Ed: B. Kueper, K. Novakowski, D. Reynolds, Toronto, Ont., March 26-28, 2001 (Proceedings on CD).

Ross, N., lapcevic, P., Lesage, S., Novakowski, K., Deschenes, L., and Samson, R. 2001. Biobarriers in fractured rock: concept development and experimental design. In Proceedings of Fractured Rock 2001, Ed: B. Kueper, K. Novakowski, D. Reynolds, Toronto, Ont., March 26-28, 2001 (Proceedings on CD).

Novakowski, K.S., Bickerton, G., and Lapcevic, P.A. 2001.In-situ measurements of groundwater velocity in discrete fractures and fracture networks. In Proceedings of Fractured Rock 2001, Ed: B. Kueper, K. Novakowski, D. Reynolds, Toronto, Ont., March 26-28, 2001 (Proceedings on CD).

Lapcevic, P., and Novakowski, K., 2001.  The hydrogeological characterization of the carbonate bedrock underlying a contaminated site in Smithville, Ontario, Americana 2001, March 28‑30, 2001, Montreal Quebec, p137‑138.

Lapcevic P.A., and Novakowski, K.S. 2000. Hydraulic head and groundwater velocity variations in flat lying fractured sedimentary rock. In Proceedings of the 1st Joint, IAH‑CNC and CGS Groundwater Specialty Conference, Montreal, Oct 15‑18, 2000, pp. 11‑16.

Novakowski, K.S., Lapcevic P.A., Oxtobee, J., and Zanini, L. 2000.Groundwater flow in the Lockport formation underlying the Smithville, Ontario area. In Proceedings of the 1st Joint, IAH‑CNC and CGS Groundwater Specialty Conference, Montreal, Oct 15‑18, 2000, pp. 49‑54.

Novakowski, K.S., and Lapcevic, P.A. 1999. Development of a conceptual model for groundwater flow and contaminant transport in a horizontally-stratified carbonate rock using detailed hydraulic testing results. In Proceedings of the 1999 Contaminated Site Remediation Conference, Freemantle, Australia, March 21-25, 1999, pp. 149-156.

Lapcevic, P., Novakowski, K., Bickerton, G., and Voralek, J. 1997. Hydraulic characterization of the fracture framework in carbonate rock underlying CWML site, Smithville, Ontario. Air and Waste Management Association 90th Annual Meeting and Exhibition, June-8-13, Toronto, Ont.

Bogan, J., and Novakowski, K. 1996. A study of solute transport in crystalline rock using a semi-analytical model. in "Tools and Techniques in Rock Mechanics", Proceedings of the ISRM - North American Rock Mechanics Symposium, Montreal, Quebec, June 19-21, 1996, pp.1413-1419.

Lapcevic, P., Novakowski, K., and Sudicky, E. 1996. Interpretation of field-scale tracer experiments conducted under conditions of natural gradient in a discrete horizontal fracture.  in "Tools and Techniques in Rock Mechanics", Proceedings of the ISRM - North American Rock Mechanics Symposium, Montreal, Quebec, June 19-21, 1996, pp. 1407-1412.

Lesage, S., Novakowski, K., Xu, H., Bickerton, G., Durham, L., and Brown, S. 1995. A large-scale aquifer model to study the removal of aromatic hydrocarbons from the saturated zone. in Proceedings Solutions'95, International Association of Hydrogeologists Congress, June 4-10, Edmonton, Alberta, (proceedings indexed alphabetically by author).

Lesage, S., Xu, H., Novakowski, K., Brown, S., and Durham, L. 1995. Use of humic acids to enhance the removal of aromatic hydrocarbons from contaminated aquifers. Part ii: pilot scale. In Proceedings of the 5th Annual Symposium on Groundwater and Soil Remediation, October 2-5, Toronto, Ontario. 10 pp., Proceedings on CD-ROM.

Lapcevic, P.A., Reichart, T.M., and Novakowski, K.S. 1993. The interpretation of pumping tests conducted in vertically fractured rock using models developed for porous media. in Proceedings NGWA Eastern Regional Groundwater Issues, Sept. 27-29, 1993, pp 839-849.

Paillet, F.L., Novakowski, K.S., and Lapcevic, P.A. 1992. Analysis of transient flows in boreholes during pumping in fractured formations. in Soc. Prof. Well Log Analy. Annual Logging Symposium Transactions, 33rd, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, pp S1-S22.

Noor, I., Novakowski, K.S., and Egden, J. 1992. Soil gas surveys as a tool for delineating pathways of natural hydrocarbon loading in southern Ontario: Implications for shallow groundwater. in Proceedings 1992 IAH Conference, May 10-14, Hamilton, Ont., 8 p.

Noor, I., Novakowski, K.S., and Egden, J. 1992. Structural controls on natural gas seepage in southern Ontario. in Proceedings 31st Annual Conference of the Ontario Petroleum Institute, Oct. 27-28, Niagara Falls, Ont., 9 p.

Novakowski, K.S. 1990. An evaluation of boundary conditions of mixing type for one-dimensional mass transport. In: Proceedings of the International Conference and Workshop on Transport and Mass Exchange Processes in Sand and Gravel Aquifers: Field and Modelling Studies, Ottawa, Ont., pp 304-316.

Lapcevic, P.A., Novakowski, K.S., and Cherry, J.A. 1990. The characterization of two discrete fractures in shale. In: Proceedings Tech. Trans. Conf., Min. Envir. Ont., Session C. Liq. Solid Waste, Toronto, Ont., Vol. II, pp 486-495.

Novakowski, K.S., and Cherry, J.A. 1989. The effect of wellbore dilution on the results of tracer experiments conducted in fractured rock. In: Proceedings Tech. Trans. Conf., Ministry of Env. Ont., Session C Liq. Solid Waste, Toronto, Ont., Vol. II, pp 68-77.

Lapcevic, P.A., and Novakowski, K.S. 1989. The analysis of slug tests conducted in fractured sedimentary rock. In: Proceedings Eastern Regional FOCUS Conf., National Water Well Assoc., Kitchener, Ont.

Novakowski, K.S. 1988. Comparison of fracture aperture widths determined from hydraulic measurements and tracer experiments. In: Proceedings of the 4th Canadian/American Conference on Hydrogeology, Ed: B. Hitchon and S. Bachu, NWWA, Dublin, Ohio, pp 68-80.

Novakowski, K.S., and Cherry, J.A. 1988. Evaluating groundwater velocity in a low-permeability fractured shale. In: Proceedings Tech. Trans. Conf., Ministry of Env. Ont., Session C Liq. Solid Waste, Toronto, Ont., pp 273-282.

Novakowski, K.S., Raven, K.G., and Evans, G.V. 1985. A review of radionuclide migration experiments conducted in a plutonic rock environment at CRNL. In: Proceedings of the 17th

Information Meeting of the Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Program, Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., TR-299, Piniwa, Man., pp 123-140.

Novakowski, K.S., Evans, G.V., and Raven, K.G. 1985. Field experiments investigating radionuclide migration in plutonic rock. In: Proceedings Hydrogeology of Rocks of Low Permeability, part 1, International Association of Hydrogeologists, Tucson, Arizona, pp  345-357.

Raven, K.G., and Novakowski, K.S. 1984. Field investigations of solute transport properties of fractures in monzonitic gneiss. In: Proceedings of the International Groundwater Symposium on Groundwater Resources Utilization and Contaminant Hydrogeology, International Association of Hydrogeologists, Montreal, Que., 2: pp 507-516.

Raven, K.G., Novakowski, K.S., and Bottomley, D.J. 1984. Hydrogeologic research at the Chalk River Research Area. In: Proceedings of the 16th Information Meeting of the Nuclear Fuel Waste Management Program, Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd., TR-218, Piniwa, Man.,  pp 11-29.

Abstracts Presented

Wright, S., and Novakowski, K. 2018. Influences of a changing climate on the seasonal variability of stable isotopes and recharge: spatiotemporal monitoring of multi-level bedrock wells. Paper No. 84-6, GSA 130th Annual Meeting, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA, 4-7 November, 2018, doi: 10.1130/abs/2018AM-323413.

Bou Jaoude, I., Novakowski, K., and Kueper, B. 2018. The Effect of Fracture Aperture Variability on Heat Transport in Discrete Rock Fractures under Natural Groundwater Flow Conditions. Abstract EGU2018-11416/ HS8.2.2 in European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2018, Vienna, 9-13 April 2018.

Howroyd, M., and Novakowski K.S. 2018. Analysis of a Large-scale Solute Transport Experiment Conducted in a Discrete Rock Fracture. Abstract EGU2018-2073/HS8.2.2 in European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2018, Vienna, 9-13 April 2018.

Egan, L., and Novakowski, K.S. 2018. Heat and Solute Transport in a Discrete Rock Fracture. Abstract HS8.2.3/ERE6.4 in European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2018, Vienna, 8-13 April 2018.

Wright, S., and Novakowski, K.S. 2018. Comparison of the Stable Isotope Composition of Groundwater at Three Fractured Rock Field Sites Having Thin Overburden. Abstract EGU2018-2297/ HS8.2.6 in European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2018, Vienna, 9–13 April 2018.

Browne. D., Levison, J., Limay-Rios, V., Novakowski, K., and Schaafsma, A. 2017. Groundwater contamination in fractured bedrock and sandy aquifer environments from agricultural neonicotinoid use. GeoOttawa 2017, Proceedings of the 70th Canadian Geotechnical Conference and the 12th Joint CGS/IAH-CNC Groundwater Conference, Ottawa, Canada, 2-4 Oct., 2017.

Novakowski, K., and Schuaerte, M. 2017. Comparison of characterization methods used to develop conceptual models for discrete fracture networks. Abstract T4.3.3 in International Association of Hydrogeologists 44th Congress, Dubrovnik, Croatia, Sept. 25-29, 2017.

BouJaoude, I., Novakowski, K., and Kueper, B. 2017. Identifying key parameters controlling heat transport in discrete rock fractures. NGWA Conference on Fractured Rock and Groundwater, Burlington, VT, Oct. 2-3, 2017.

Augustine, N., and Novakowski, K. 2017. Characterizing vertical fracture connections using pressure responses due to the short-circuiting of injection water during constant head tests.  NGWA Conference on Fractured Rock and Groundwater, Burlington, VT, Oct. 2-3, 2017.

Wright, S., and Novakowski, K. 2017. Tracing seasonal snowmelt recharge in three distinct fractured rock field sites with thin overburden using oxygen and hydrogen isotopes.  NGWA Conference on Fractured Rock and Groundwater, Burlington, VT, Oct. 2-3, 2017.

Novakowski, K.S., and Yang, F. 2017. The Effect of Conduction and Thermal Dispersion on Heat Transport in a Discrete Fracture. Abstract HS8.2.3/ERE6.7 in European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2017, Vienna, 23–28 April 2017.

Browne. D., Levison, J., Limay-Rios, V., Novakowski, K., and Schaafsma, A. 2017.Assessing the presence and fate of neonicotinoids in groundwater resources in Ontario. GSA Northeastern / North-Central Joint Section Meeting, Pittsburgh, United States, 19-21 Mar., 2017.

Persaud, E., Levison, J., Pehme, P., Novakowski, K., and Parker, B. 2016. Cross-hole fracture connectivity assessed using hydraulic responses during FLUTe™ liner installations in crystalline bedrock boreholes. Proceedings of the 69th National Conference of the Canadian Water Resources Association (CWRA), Montreal, QC, Canada. 25-27 May 2016, p.106

Persaud, E.M., Levison, J.K., Pehme, P.E., Novakowski, K.S., and Parker, B.L. 2016. Use of FLUTe™ liner installations as a method to examine cross-hole fracture connectivity in crystalline bedrock. Proceedings of the Geological Society of America (GSA) Annual Meeting, 48(7), Denver, Colorado, USA. 25-28 Sept., 2016, doi: 10.1130/abs/2016AM-284784.

Novakowski, K., and Elmhirst, L. 2016. Effects of test scale on hydraulic measurements in a crystalline rock setting.  Abstract 1510 in International Association of Hydrogeologists 43rd Congress, Montpellier, France, Sept. 25-29, 2016.

Novakowski, K., and Worley, J. 2016. Non-uniqueness in the interpretation of open-well pumping tests conducted in carbonate rock. Abstract H13I-1519 in American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, 12-17 Dec., 2016.

Novakowski, K., and Beamish, L. 2015. Interpreting tracer transport over a large scale in a discrete rock fracture.  Abstract S8.4-472 in International Association of Hydrogeologists 42nd Congress, Rome, Italy, Sept. 13-18, 2015.

Novakowski, K., and Miles, O. 2015. Rapid recharge in a shallow bedrock aquifer having minimal overburden.  Abstract H23A-03 in American Geophysical Union Joint Assembly, Montreal, Quebec, 3-7 May, 2015.

Yang, F., and Novakowski, K., 2015. The transport of heat by flowing groundwater in a discrete fracture. Abstract in 2015 GSA Annual Meeting in Baltimore, Maryland, USA, 1-4 November, 2015, Paper No. 62-13.

Novakowski, K., and Khader, O. 2014. The impact of glaciation on natural tracer profiles in the stratigraphy of the eastern Michigan Basin. Abstract in 2014 GSA Annual Meeting, Vancouver, British Columbia, 19–22 October, 2014.

Mann, V., and Novakowski, K. 2014. Biological gas production during biostimulation in bench-scale fractured rock samples. Abstract in 2014 GSA Annual Meeting, Vancouver, British Columbia, 19–22 October, 2014.

Hendry, M.J., Barbour, S.L., Novakowski, K., and Wassenaar, L. 2013. Palaeo-hydrogeology of the Cretaceous Sediments of the Williston Basin using stable isotopes of water.  Abstract EGU2013-13371 presented at 2013 General Assembly of the European Geophysical Union, Vienna, Austria, Apr. 7-12, 2013.

Novakowski, K., and Worley, J. 2013. Comparison of methods for measuring vertical hydraulic properties in a sedimentary rock aquifer. Abstract EGU2013-13393 presented at 2013 General Assembly of the European Geophysical Union, Vienna, Austria, Apr. 7-12, 2013.

Novakowski, K. 2013. Flow and transport properties of fractured bedrock aquifers in the vertical direction. NGWA Conference on Groundwater in Fractured Rock and Sediments, Burlington, VT, Sept. 23-24, 2013.

Miles, O., and Novakowski, K. 2013. Simulating rapid and localized recharge to a fractured bedrock aquifer. Abstract #432 presented at GeoMontreal 2013, Montréal, Québec, Sept. 29 – Oct. 3, 2013.

Hendry, M.J., Novakowski, K., Smith, L., Koehler, G., and Wassenaar, L. 2012. Long-term solute transport through thick Cretaceous shale in the Williston Basin using naturally-occuring tracer profiles. Abstract in Proceedings of the 5th International Meeting, Clays in Natural and Engineered barriers for Radioactive Waste Confinement, Montpellier, France, Oct. 22-25, 2012.

Kozuskanich, J., Weatherhill, D., Novakowski, K., and Simmons, C. 2012. Discretizing a discrete fracture model for the simulation of solute transport. Abstract in Proceedings of the 39th Congress of the Int. Assoc. Hydrogeol., Niagara Falls, ON, Sept. 16-21, 2012.

Khader, O., and Novakowski, K. 2012. Impacts of Pleistocene glacial loading on abnormal pore-water pressure in the eastern Michigan Basin. Abstract in Proceedings of the 39th Congress of the Int. Assoc. Hydrogeol., Niagara Falls, ON, Sept. 16-21, 2012.

Worley, J., and Novakowski, K. 2012. Measuring the vertical hydraulic properties of a bedrock aquifer using pumping tests. Abstract in Proceedings of the 39th Congress of the Int. Assoc. Hydrogeol., Niagara Falls, ON, Sept. 16-21, 2012.

Hendry, M.J., Novakowski, K., Smith, L., Koehler, G., and Wassenaar, L. 2012. Solute transport through thick Cretaceous shale in the Williston Basin using naturally-occuring tracer profiles. Abstract in Proceedings of the 39th Congress of the Int. Assoc. Hydrogeol., Niagara Falls, ON, Sept. 16-21, 2012.

Mann, V., and Novakowski, K. 2012. The effects of velocity and feed-starve cycles on biobarrier technology in bench-scale fractured limestone samples. Abstract in Proceedings of the 39th Congress of the Int. Assoc. Hydrogeol., Niagara Falls, ON, Sept. 16-21, 2012.

Plourde, R., Novakowski, K., and Champagne, P. 2012. The potential impact of naturally-attenuated leachate from the Merrick Landfill on the Little Sturgeon River. . Abstract in Proceedings of the 39th Congress of the Int. Assoc. Hydrogeol., Niagara Falls, ON, Sept. 16-21, 2012.

Mann, V., and Novakowski, K. 2012. Comparison of hydraulic and mass balance apertures of bench-scale vertical fracture samples. Int. Conf. on Groundwater in Frac. Rock, Internat. Assoc. Hydrogeol., Prague, Czech Republic, May 21-24, 2012.

Novakowski, K S., and Trimper, S. 2012. Infiltration of viruses in a shallow bedrock aquifer: a field experiment using bacteriophage. Abstract EGU2012-119 presented at 2012 General Assembly of the European Geophysical Union, Vienna, Austria, Apr. 22-2, 2012.

Novakowski, K.S., and Khader, O., 2011. Modeling the environmental isotopes profile from the DGR. 2nd Aquitard Symposium, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, June 21-23, 2011.

Kozuskanich, J., Novakowski, K., and Anderson, B. 2011. The potential for anthropogenic contamination of groundwater in a bedrock aquifer having variable overburden cover in a semi-urban setting. National Ground Water Association Ground Water Summit, Baltimore, Maryland, May 1-4, 2011.

Elmhirst, L., and Novakowski, K. 2011. The analysis of pulse interference tests conducted in a fractured rock aquifer bounded by a moving free surface. National Ground Water Association Ground Water Summit, Baltimore, Maryland, May 1-4, 2011.

Praamsma, T.W., Novakowski, K.S., Trimper, S.A., and Champagne, P. 2011. Simulating pathogen and nutrient transport from the ground surface to a crystalline fractured rock aquifer, Perth, Ontario. National Ground Water Association Ground Water Summit, Baltimore, Maryland, May 1-4, 2011.

Novakowski, K S., Trimper, S., Praamsma, T., and Springthorpe, S. 2010. Transport of bacteria and virus-sized particles and bacteriophage from ground surface to depth in a bedrock aquifer - a field experiment. Abstract H44D-02 presented at 2010 Fall Meeting, AGU, San Francisco, Ca., Dec. 13-17.

Praamsma, T.W., Novakowski, K.S., and Trimper, S.A. 2010. Rapid response in a gneissic bedrock fracture network to surface loading of nutrient- and pathogen-surrogate tracers in an agricultural watershed, Canada., International Association of Hydrogeologists XXXVIII Congress, Sept. 12-17, Krakow, Poland.

Trimper, S., Novakowski, K., Springthorpe, S., Sattar, S., Vidovic, S., and Aly, M. 2009. A study of human enteric virus presence in fractured rock wells in rural Canada. First International Conference on Microbial Transport and Survival in Porous Media, Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, May 10-13, 2009.

Gleeson, T., Novakowski, K., Cook, P.G. and Kyser, T.K., 2009. Constraining groundwater discharge in a large watershed: integrated isotopic, hydraulic and thermal data. EOS Trans. AGU, 90(22), Spring Meet. Suppl., Abstract H72A-06.

Kozuskanich, J., Novakowski, K. and Anderson, B., 2009. Modeling flow through the sand pack: implications for groundwater sampling from multi-level monitoring wells in fractured bedrock aquifers. Eos Trans, AGU 90(22), Jt. Assem. Suppl., Abstract IA23A-06.

Kozuskanich, J., Novakowski, K. and Anderson, B., 2009. Should we be purging when sampling for fecal indicator bacteria in groundwater? Observations from tests conducted in multi-level bedrock monitoring wells. First International Conference on Microbial Transport and Survival in Porous Media.  Niagara-on-the-Lake, ON, May 10-13, 2009.

Praamsma, T.W., Trimper, S. and Novakowski, K.S., 2009. Surface to fracture transport of E. coli-sized microspheres and a conservative tracer in a fractured rock aquifer, Perth, Ontario. , First International Conference on Microbial Transport and Survival in Porous Media, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, May 10-13, 2009.

Praamsma, T.W. and Novakowski, K.S., 2009. Regional-scale pathogen transport in a fractured rock aquifer located in an agricultural watershed., Eos Trans, AGU 90(22), Jt. Assem. Suppl.

Levison, J., and Novakowski, K. 2009. Fractured bedrock aquifers and agriculture: importance of source protection in this vulnerable setting., 44th Central Canadian Symposium on Water Quality Research, Canadian Association on Water Quality and National Water Research Institute, Burlington,ON, 23-24 February.

Gleeson, T., Novakowski, K., and Kyser, T.K., 2008. Insignificant groundwater discharge to lakes in a large fractured rock watershed. EOS Trans. AGU, 89(53), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract OS51D-1277.

Villeneuve, S. A., and Novakowski, K. S., 2008. Measuring pore water δ2h and δ18O values as natural tracers for the migration of under-saturated, meteoric water across a mudstone confining unit using the radial diffusion method. EOS Trans. AGU, 89(53), Fall Meet. Suppl., Abstract H21B-0831.

Kozuskanich, J., Novakowski, K. and Anderson, B., 2008. The influence of pumping on observed bacterial counts in groundwater samples: Implications for sampling protocol and water quality interpretation. Eos Trans. AGU, 89(53), Fall Meeting Suppl., Abstract H43C-1015.

Novakowski, K., Gleeson, T., Praamsma,, T., Levison, J., 2008. The limited sustainability of groundwater supplies in a Gneissic terrain having minimal drift cover. IAHR International Groundwater Symposium: Flow and Transport in Heterogeneous Subsurface Formations: Theory, Modelling & Applications. Istanbul, Turkey, June 18-20, 2008.

Novakowski, K.S. 2007. Sustainable water well infrastructure. A.D. Latornell Conservation Symposium, Alliston, Ontario, November 14-16, 2007.

Novakowski, K.S., Schauerte, M., and Moore, B. 2007. Seeking dominant flow pathways in fractured carbonate rock using tracer experiments conducted with in-situ detection. GSA Abstracts with Programs 39(6), Paper No. 191-8, GSA Annual Meeting, Denver, October 28-31, 2007.

Novakowski, K.S. 2007. The effect of matrix diffusion on the results of large-scale tracer experiments in fractured dolomite. 2007 U.S. EPA/NGWA Fractured Rock Conference: State of the Science and Measuring Success in Remediation, Portland, Maine, September 24-26, 2007.

Bennett, M.S., Waddell, J.P., and Novakowski, K.S. 2007. Site Characterization in preparation for application of interim remedial technologies in a chlorinated ethene-contaminated fractured crystalline rock. 15th Annual David S. Snipes/Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, April 16-18, Clemson University, SC. 

Bennett, M.S., Field, J.R., Waddell, J.P., Novakowski, K.S. 2007. site characterization in preparation for application of interim remedial technologies in a chlorinated ethene-contaminated fractured crystalline rock. BP RET Technical Exchange Meeting, June 4-6, San Diego, CA.

Bennett, M.S., Field, J.R., III, Waddell, J.P., Novakowski, K.S. 2007. Investigation and identification of a chlorinated ethene source zone in a fractured crystalline rock. 2007 U.S. EPA/NGWA Fractured Rock Conference: State of the Science and Measuring Success in Remediation, Portland, Maine, September 24-26, 2007. 

Bennett, M.S., Waddell, J.P., Field, J.R., III, Novakowski, K.S.. 2007. Preparation for enhanced bioremediation in a chlorinated ethene contaminated fractured crystalline rock. 2007 U.S. EPA/NGWA Fractured Rock Conference: State of the Science and
Measuring Success in Remediation, Portland, Maine, September 24-26, 2007.

Praamsma, T., and Novakowski, K., 2007. Using d18O and dD to investigate groundwater-surface water interaction and recharge in a gneissic terrain. 2007 U.S. EPA/NGWA Fractured Rock Conference: State of the Science and Measuring Success in Remediation, Portland, Maine, September 24-26, 2007.

Kozuskanich, J.C., Novakowski, K.S. and Anderson, B.A. 2007. Septic system impacts on drinking water quality in a small community with bedrock wells. A.D. Latornell Conservation Symposium, Alliston, Ontario, November 14-16, 2007.

Gleeson, T., Novakowski, K., Levison, J., and Kyser, K. 2007. Groundwater recharge in bedrock aquifers: rapid, localized and limited.  GSA Abstracts with Programs 39(6), Paper No. 69-1, GSA Annual Meeting, Denver, October 28-31, 2007.

Gleeson, T., Novakowski, K., and Kyser, K. 2007. Insignificant groundwater discharge in a fractured rock watershed.  2007 NGWA/U.S. EPA Fractured Rock Conference State of the Science and Measuring Success in Remediation, Portland, Maine, September 24-27, 2007.

Levison, J. and Novakowski, K. 2007. A novel tracer experiment conducted from ground surface in a fractured bedrock aquifer.  2007 NGWA/U.S. EPA Fractured Rock Conference: State of the Science and Measuring Success in Remediation, Portland, Maine, September 24-26, 2007.

Schauerte, M., Novakowski, K.S., and Moore B., 2007. A Comparison of a fully numerical solution and a semi-numerical solution based on streamlines for the simulation of transport in fractured rock. 2007  NGWA/U.S. EPA Fractured Rock Conference: State of the Science and Measuring Success in Remediation, Portland, Maine, September 24-26,  2007.

Novakowski, K.S., Hachey, J., Melaney, M., Schuaerte, M., and Moore, B. 2006. Results of recent tracer experiments conducted at increasing scale in a fractured dolomitic aquifer. GSA Abstracts with Programs, 38(6), GSA Annual Meeting, Oct. 22-25, Philadelphia, PA.

Levison, J., and Novakowski, K. 2006. Agricultural impacts on groundwater in fractured rock - Tay River watershed. GSA Abstracts with Programs, 38(6), GSA Annual Meeting, Oct. 22-25, Philadelphia, PA.

Gleeson, T., and Novakowski, K. 2006. Lineaments as recharge barriers in a fractured bedrock aquifer. GSA Abstracts with Programs, 38(6), GSA Annual Meeting, Oct. 22-25, Philadelphia, PA.

Praamsma, T., and Novakowski, K. 2006. Using 18O and 2H to investigate complex groundwater-surface water interaction and recharge in a gneissic terrain, Perth, Ontario. GSA Abstracts with Programs, 38(6), GSA Annual Meeting, Oct. 22-25, Philadelphia, PA.

Praamsma, T., and Novakowski, K.S. 2006. Groundwater-surface water interaction in a fractured bedrock environment, Perth, Ontario, 41st Central Canadian Symposium on Water Quality Research, Canadian Association on Water Quality and National Water Research Institute, Burlington, ON, Canada, 13-14 February, 2006. 

Levison, J.K., and Novakowski, K.S. 2006. Agricultural impacts on groundwater in fractured bedrock - Tay River Valley watershed,  41st Central Canadian Symposium on Water Quality Research, Canadian Association on Water Quality and National Water Research Institute, Burlington, ON, Canada, 13-14 February, 2006. 

Yungwirth, G.A., Novakowski, K.S., Ross, N. 2005. The impact of biofilms on the process of back diffusion from a contaminated rock matrix, Eos Trans. AGU, 86(52), H51F-0432.

Melaney, M. A., and Novakowski, K. 2005. The results of a radial divergent tracer experiment conducted over the full thickness of a horizontally fractured dolomite, Eos Trans. AGU,
86(52),  H21C-1361.

West, A.C.F. and Novakowski, K.S. 2005. How well does fracture set characterization reduce uncertainty in capture zone size for wells situated in sedimentary bedrock aquifers? Eos Trans. AGU, 86(52), H13A-1327.

Hachey, J., and Novakowski, K. 2005. Large-scale tracer experiments and the use of effective parameters in fractured bedrock aquifers. 2005 NGWA Focus Conference on Eastern Regional Groundwater Issues, Portland, Maine, September 26-27, 2005.

Praamsma, T.W. and Novakowski, K.S. 2005. Groundwater-surface water interaction in a fractured bedrock environment, Perth, Ontario, A.D. Latornell Conservation Symposium, Alliston, Ontario, Nov. 16-18, 2005.

Milloy, C. and Novakowski, K. 2005. Recharge to a fractured bedrock aquifer in the Tay River watershed, Perth, Ontario. A.D. Latornell Conservation Symposium, Alliston, Ontario, Nov. 16-18, 2005.

Milloy, C., and Novakowski, K. 2005. Groundwater recharge in the Gneissic-Marble Terrain underlying the central part of the Tay River Watershed, Ontario, Canada. 2005 NGWA Focus Conference on Eastern Regional Groundwater Issues, Portland, Maine, September 26-27, 2005.

Charbonneau, A.M., Novakowski, K.S., and Ross, N., 2004.  The effect of biofilm development on solute diffusion in low permeability rock.  Presented at the Thirty-Ninth Canadian Symposium On Water Quality Research, February 9 and 10, 2004, Canada Centre for Inland Waters, Burlington, ON.

West, A.C.F. and Novakowski, K.S., 2004. A method to determine the spacing and transmissivity statistics of ‘conductive” fractures in which the criterion distinguishing between conductive and non-conductive fractures is sliding scale. Eos, 85(17), JA205.

Charbonneau, A.M., Novakowski, K.S., and Ross, N., 2004.  A semi-analytical model to describe the effect of biofilm development on solute diffusion in low-permeability rock. Eos, 85(17), JA205.

West, M. R., Kueper, B. H., and Novakowski, K.S., 2004.  Semi-analytical solutions for solute transport in fractured porous media using a finite width strip source. Eos, 85(17), JA205.

Novakowski, K., and Stephenson, K, M., 2003. The Analysis of pulse interference tests conducted in a fractured rock aquifer bounded by a constant free surface. GSA Abstracts with Programs, 35(6), GSA Annual Meeting, Nov. 2-5, Seattle, WA.

West, A.C.F. and Novakowski, K.S., 2003. An analysis of core log quality and hydraulic test interval length on estimation of fracture aperture statistics. Eos, 83(48), F359

Novakowski, K., 2002. The hydrogeology of the Niagara Falls area: An historical perspective with a view to the future. Abstract in Proceedings of the 3rd Joint IAH‑CGS Ground and Water Conference, Niagara Falls, Oct 20‑23, 2002.

Novakowski, K., 2002. Comparison of the results of borehole geophysical measurements to detailed hydraulic characterization in fractured rock. GSA Abstracts with Programs, 34(6), GSA Annual Meeting, Oct. 27-30, Denver, CO.

Novakowski, K., Lapcevic, P., and Rotea, A. 2001. Measuring the vertical permeability of horizontally-fractured rock. GSA Abstracts with Programs, 32(7), GSA Annual Meeting, Nov. 4-8, Boston, MA.

Novakowski, K., 2001. Using the Thiem equation to interpret hydraulic tests conducted in rock of moderate to low permeability. Eos, 82(47), F359.

Novakowski, K., Lapcevic, P., Voralek, J., and Bickerton, G. 2000. Measuring radial solute transport in a discrete fracture at the macroscopic scale. Eos, 81(48), F519.

Langer, V., Novakowski, K., and Woodbury, A. 1999. An investigation of heterogeneity of porosity in a fractured horizontally-stratified dolostone formation and it’s implication on mass transport. Eos, 80(17), S137.

Langer, V., Novakowski, K., and Woodbury, A. 1999.Diffusion experiments with trichloroethene (TCE) through stylolitic dolostone. Eos, 80(17), S133.

Lapcevic, P., Novakowski, K., and Voralek, J. 1999. Determination of groundwater velocity in fractured media using the point dilution method. Eos, 80(46), F478.

Lapcevic, P., and Novakowski, K., 1998. A Conceptual Model for Groundwater Flow and Contaminant Transport at the Site-Specific Scale in a Fractured Dolomite: A Case Study of the Smithville PCB Site in Southern Ontario. SEPM Research Conference: Fluid Flow in Carbonates: Interdisciplinary Approaches, Door County, Wisconsin, Sept. 20 -24.

Novakowski, K., Brown, A., Lapcevic P., Lesage S., and Ketcheson, D. 1998.Estimating DNAPL penetration in fractured sedimentary rock having horizontal stratification. Abstract for 1st International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, May 18-21, Monterey, California.

Lapcevic, P., and Novakowski, K. 1998.A geostatistical interpretation of the fracture distribution and transmissivity in the Lockport Dolostone underlying Smithville, Ontario. Eos, 79(17), S134.

Piggott, A., Moltyaner, G., Yamazaki, L., and Novakowski, K. 1998. Preliminary characterization of fracturing at the site of the Chalk River Laboratories. Eos, 79(17), S134.

Bickerton, G.S., and Novakowski, K. S. 1998.  A hybrid model for delineating capture zones in fractured sedimentary rock. GSA Abstracts with Programs, 30(7), GSA Annual Meeting, Oct. 26-29, Toronto, Ontario.  

Zanini, L., Novakowski, K. S., Lapcevic, P., Bickerton, G. S., Voralek, J., and Talbot, C. 1998.  Regional groundwater flow in the fractured dolomite underlying Smithville, Ontario as inferred from combined hydrogeological and geochemical measurements. GSA Abstracts with Programs, 30(7), GSA Annual Meeting, Oct. 26-29, Toronto, Ontario. 

Novakowski, K., and Bickerton, G. 1997. Inverse simulation of tracer experiments conducted with multiple tracer species in a dual-porosity Dolostone. Eos, 78(17), S138.

Novakowski, K., and Lapcevic, P. 1996. Determining the distribution of transmissivity in discretely-fractured rock using variable packer spacing. Eos, 77(46), F238.

Novakowski, K., Lapcevic, P., Voralek, J., Hoag, R, and Bickerton, G. 1995. The Injection-Drift Method for Measuring the Transport Properties of a Formation using a Single Well. Eos, 76(46), F238.

Harvey, F.E., Rudolph, D.L., Frape, S.K., Novakowski, K.S., and Lee, D.R. 1994. The impact of groundwater inflow on Hamilton Harbour, Geological Association of Canada/Mineralogical Association of Canada, Annual Meeting, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, May 16‑18, Program with Abstracts, Vol. 19, p. A48.

Novakowski, K.S. 1994. Interpretation of slug tests conducted under shut-in conditions in the presence of finite-thickness skin and double porosity. Eos, 75(16), 152.

Piggott, A.R., Bobba, A.G., and Novakowksi, K.S. 1994. Identifying groundwater recharge by numerical model calibration. Eos, 75(16), 159.

Novakowski, K.S., Lapcevic, P.A., and Voralek, J. 1994. The results of a tracer experiment conducted in a discrete rock fracture under conditions of natural gradient. AGU Chapman Conference "Aqueous and Multiphase Transport in Fractured Rock", Burlington, Vt., Sept. 12-14, p. 18.

Ketcheson, D.R., and Novakowski, K.S. 1994. Velocity correction for borehole dilution analysis. AGU Chapman Conference "Aqueous and Multiphase Transport in Fractured Rock", Burlington, Vt., Sept. 12-14, p. 18.

Xu H., Durham, L., Lesage, S., and Novakowski, K. 1994. The use of humic acids to enhance the removal of aromatic hydrocarbons from aquifers contaminated with petroleum products. Part I: Laboratory Studies. Presented at the "Fourth Annual Symposium on Groundwater and Soil Remediation", Calgary Alberta. September 21-23.

Novakowski, K. 1994. Tracer experiments conducted at a shallow depth in a discrete fracture in a shale and dolostone formation. Presented at the "2nd Annual Tracer Workshop", Austin, Texas. Nov. 13-14.

Novakowski, K.S., Reichart, T.M., and Lapcevic, P.A. 1993. Measuring the vertical permeability of horizontally-stratified sedimentary rocks. 28th Annual Meeting of the Northeastern Section of the Geological Society of America, Burlington, VT, March 22-24, pp. 68.

Novakowski, K.S., Lapcevic, P.A., and Voralek, J. 1993. Conducting tracer experiments in fractured rock under conditions of natural flow. 1993 Annual Meeting of the Geological Society of America, Boston, MA, Oct. 25-28, pp A-486.

Harris, S.M., Novakowski, K.S., and Thomson, N.R. 1993. Analysis of shut-in and constant head tests conducted in shallow fractured clay till. Annual Meeting of the Geological Society of America, Boston, MA, Oct. 25-28, pp A-257.

Harris, S.M., Thomson, N.R., and Novakowski, K.S. 1993. Hydraulic testing and analysis of flow in shallow fractured clay till. Eos, 74(43), 282.

Novakowski, K.S., and Lapcevic, P.A. 1992. Field measurement of solute transport in a discrete fracture. Eos, 73(43), 164.

Markle, J.M., Rowe, R.K., and Novakowski, K.S. 1992. Analysis of constant head tests conducted in vertically fractured media. Eos, 73(43), 164.

Novakowski, K.S. 1991. Interpreting the results of constant-head tests conducted in low-permeability unconsolidated material. Eos, 72(44), 179.

Novakowski, K.S., Cherry, J.A., and Gillham, R.W. 1988. Field methodology in preparing for conducting a natural gradient tracer experiment in a discrete fracture. Eos, 69(44), 1186.

Novakowski, K.S., and Heystee, R.J. 1987. Regional hydrogeology of the Silurian and Ordovician sedimentary rock underlying Niagara Falls, Ontario. Internat. Assoc. Great Lakes Res., 30th Conf. May 11-14, 1987, pp A-47.

Novakowski, K.S. 1987. Determining the aperture distribution of a natural rock fracture using stepped-volume slug tests. Eos, 68(44), 1295.

Raven, K.G., and Novakowski, K.S. 1985. Field observations of the hydraulic and tracer-transport properties of a fracture in low-permeability rock. Eos, 66(46), 895.

Novakowski, K.S., and Evans, G.V. 1984. A field example of measuring hydrodynamic dispersion in a single fracture. Eos, 65(16), 206.

Novakowski, K.S., and Flavelle, P.A. 1983. A groundwater tracer technique for evaluating the in situ solute transport characteristics of fractured rock. Eos, 64(18), 230.

Dr. Novakowski and his graduate students are currently focused on heat and solute transport in discrete fractures and fracture networks at both the local scale (i.e scale of a contaminated site), and the regional scale (i.e. a watershed). The team is also working on the development of hybrid numerical-analytical models for large-scale solute transport, a computationally challenging problem requiring innovative approaches. Some graduate student projects involve fieldwork, some involve numerical development and/or analysis, and some involve a combination of both.

Dr. Novakowski has developed a field laboratory at the Kennedy Field Station near Tamworth, Ontario, which includes an array of nine open wells constructed to a depth of 30-40m in mafic gneiss distributed around an area of 30m by 65m.  An extensive regional multi-level well network has also been established in the Tay River and Salmon River watersheds. The wells are completed in Precambrian and sedimentary rock, depending on location, and a total of 25 wells with 61 monitoring points have been constructed. Significant characterization of the bedrock well array and the monitoring well network has been completed, the results of which can be found in the list of Recent Publications.

Dr. Novakowski works with the finite-element code HydroGeoSphere (HGS), a 3-D discrete-fracture model that accounts for a wide variety of heat transport, solute transport, and flow processes in fractured rock settings. The commercial source for HGS is Aquanty Inc. Please see their web site for more detail. Dr. Novakowski also works with traditional Integral Transform methods such as the Laplace, and Finite-Fourier transforms for the solution of the partial differential equations particular to hydraulic testing and transport problems in discrete fractures.

Dr. Novakowski is seeking MASc and PhD students for research in the following areas:

  1. Development of hybrid numerical/analytical methods for simulation of large-scale transport in fractured rock. Prospective students should have a strong interest in applied calculus and coding.
  2. Combined heat and solute transport experiments in discrete fractures. The experiments will be conducted between holes at the Kennedy Field Station. Prospective students should have an aptitude for hands-on field work, and an interest in the comprehensive analysis of complex field results.

Other research projects are also possible in the areas of hydraulic testing analysis, interpretation of the distribution of the stable isotopes of water, simulation of large-scale groundwater flow in fracture networks, measurement of hydraulic gradient and groundwater velocity in fracture networks, and basin-scale simulation of isotope transport. 

Augustine, Natasha
Present - PhD candidate
email: 15na24@queensu.ca

Bou Jaoude, Issam
Present - PhD candidate
(co-supervised with B.Kueper)
email: 4ib5@queensu.ca

Wu, Xiao-long
Present - PhD candidate
(co-supervised with B.Kueper)
email: xlw1@queensu.ca

Campbell, Wes
Present - MASc candidate
email: wjc2@queensu.ca

Howroyd, Matt
Present - PhD candidate
email: mh203@queensu.ca

Wright, Stephanie
Present - PhD candidate
email: 12snw@queensu.ca

Egan, Leslie
MASc November 2018
email:1le3@queensu.ca

Praamsma, Titia
PhD June 2016
email: 3twp@queensu.ca

Yang, Fan
MASc May 2016
email: 13fy3@queensu.ca

Khader, Omar
PhD May 2014
email: 8oaaak@queensu.ca

Miles, Owen
MASc October 2013
email: 11owm@queensu.ca

Mann, Vanessa
PhD Nov 2012
email: 2vlm@queensu.ca

Worely, Jessica
MASc August 2012
email: 9jw65@queensu.ca

Grell, Stephanie
MASc June 2011

Elmhirst, Laura
MASc June 2011
email: Laura.Elmhirst@ce.queensu.ca

Kozuskanich, John
(co-supervised B.C. Anderson)
PhD Feb 2011

Smith, Reid T
MASc Nov 2010

Trimper, Shawn
MASc Oct 2010
email: 9sat3@queensu.ca

Levison, Jana K
PhD Sept 2009
email: 9jk11@queensu.ca